March 4th

1773: Frances Slocum, white woman raised by Miami as “Little Bear,” revealed identity only when tribe was threatened, born.

1781: Rebecca Gatz, preeminent Jewish American educator & philanthropist, founded school, orphanage, foster home, born.

1815: Myrtilla Miner, founded the Normal School for Colored Girls that focused on training teachers, now part of U of DC, born.

1847: Anna Elizabeth Broomall, US obstetrician & medical educator who advocated antisepsis techniques & episiotomy, born.

1866: Mary Clemmer begins “Woman’s Letter from Washington,” widely read politics column written from Senate Ladies Gallery.

1875: Ellen Gertrude Emmet Rand, US artists best known for her portraits of important politicians, artists, writers, born.

1889: Pearl White, “Stunt Queen” of silent film, played women who performed daring athletic feats, as in The Perils of Pauline.

1913: Marguerite Taos Amrouche, 1st published Algerian female writer, singer, activist for Berber recognition & culture, born.

1917: Republican Jeanette Rankin of Montana took her seat as the first woman elected to the U.S. House of Representatives.

1918: District of Columbia Court of Appeals invalidates all prison sentences and original arrests of suffrage demonstrators in the U.S. capitol.

1930: Emma Fahning becomes 1st woman bowler to bowl a perfect game in sanctioned competition, at a contest in Buffalo, NY.

1932: Miriam Makeba, South African singer called Mama Africa, civil rights & anti-apartheid activist, born

1933: Frances Perkins became the first woman to serve in the Cabinet when she took over as secretary of labor.

1997: The Brazil Senate allows women to wear slacks in the senate chambers for the first time.


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