1431: Judges’ investigations for the trial of Joan of Arc begin in Rouen, France, seat of the English occupation government.
1811: The first known organized women’s golf tournament is played in Musselburgh, Scotland.
1854: Jennie Jerome Churchill, socialite, writer, & mother of Winston Churchill, born.
1856: Lizette Woodworth Reese, American poet whose work bridged the Victorian & modern era, born.
1857: Anna Kuliscioff, Russian Jewisih revolutionary, early feminist, doctor, and one of the founding generation of Italian socialists, born.
1858: Elizabeth Britton, botanist who took the lead in advocating for the establishment of the New York Botanical Garden, founder of the Wild Flower Preservation Society of America, born.
1859: Carrie Chapman Catt, woman’s suffrage leader & president of the National American Woman Suffrage Association, born.
1908: Simone de Beauvoir, French feminist & philosopher, author of ‘The Second Sex,’ born. http://bit.ly/duiRAc
1941: Joan Baez, singer/songwriter; human, civil, & peace activist; founder of Humanitas International Human Rights Committee, born.
1942: Gertrude Vanderbilt Whitney, sculptor, art patron, & founder of Whitney Museum of American Art in New York City, born.
1979: American Supreme Court strikes down a PA law requiring doctors performing abortions to try to save the life of a fetus.