January 21st

1804: Eliza Roxey Snow Smith, Mormon poet, wife of John Smith, Jr. & Brigham Young, 2nd president of LDS Relief Society, born.

1840: Sophia Jex-Blake, 1 of 1st female doctors in the UK, founder of 2 medical schools for women & a women’s hospital, born

1853: Helen Hamilton Gardener, American suffragist, 1st woman appointed to the United States Civil Service Commission, born

1879: Helen Gwynne-Vaughan, botanist, 1st Chief Controller of the Women’s Army Auxiliary Corps, Commandant of Women’s Royal Air Force, born.

1908: NYC bans smoking by women in public places. The ban remained in place for 2 weeks before the mayor vetoed it.

1913: 56 US Jewish women from 52 congregations around the country met to create the National Federation of Temple Sisterhoods.

1922: Jade Snow Wing, Chinese-American ceramic artist, author of 2 autobiographical books, incl ‘Fifth Chinese Daughter,’ born

1941: Elaine Showalter, 1 of founders of feminist literary criticism in US, developed concept & practice of gynocritics, born.

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