1870: Alice Hegan Rice, novelist, author of popular 20th century tale ‘Mrs. Wiggs of the Cabbage Patch,’ born.
1885: Alice Paul, suffrage leader, born. Paul organized final push to the 19th amendment, including strikes in front of the White House that prompted arrests. The women arrested were badly treated in prison, including Paul, who was force fed after embarking on a hunger strike. The arrests and subsequent reports from inside the prison outraged American and tipped sentiment in favor of suffrage. Paul also proposed the Equal Rights amendment in 1923. Paul’s work is marred by racism and anti-semitism – the most famous example of which is when she made black suffragists march at the end of a large demonstration rather than with their state delegations.
1897: M H Cannon becomes 1st woman state senator in the United States, elected in Utah.
1899: Eva Le Gallienne, founder & director of Civil Repertory Company, NY, which sought to make classic theater available to general audiences, born.
1921: Juanita Kreps, 1st female US Commerce Secretary, 1st woman board member of the New York Stock Exchange, born.
1935: Amelia Earhart began a trip from Honolulu to Oakland, CA, becoming the 1st woman to fly solo across the Pacific Ocean.
1938: Frances Moulton is elected the 1st woman president of a US national bank.