1838: Rebecca Gratz and a dedicated group of Philadelphia Jewish women established the first Jewish Sunday School.
1868: Constance Markievicz, Irish suffragist, 1st woman elected to British House of Commons (did not take her seat), born.
1913: Rosa Parks, famed civil rights leader, author, sexual assault investigator & victim’s advocate for NAACP, born.
1918: Ida Lupino, US actress, pioneering producer of 7 films, one of the 1st female directors in Hollywood, born.
1921 Betty Friedan, 2nd Wave feminist leader, author of The Feminine Mystique, founder & 1st president of the National Organization for Women, born.
1941: Maria Liberia-Peters, kindergarten teacher turned politician, former Prime Minister of the Netherlands Antilles, born.
1974: Newspaper heiress Patricia Hearst was kidnapped in Berkeley, Calif., by the Symbionese Liberation Army.
1987: First National Women in Sports Day (US) is celebrated by Presidential Proclamation.