1431: Joan of Arc’s trial, for heresy before an French ecclesiastical court, begins.
1824: Sister Angela Gillespie, founder of Holy Cross Nursing Sisters who served as military nurses during US Civil War, born.
1845: Emma Thursby, soprano known as “The American Nightingale,” one of the most famous US singers of the 19th century, born.
1846: Sarah Bagley, labor organizer, becomes the 1st woman telegraph operator. http://ht.ly/40h5y
1855: Alice Freeman Palmer, educator; founded predecessor organization to American Assn. of University Women (AAUW) in 1881, born.
1866: Lucy Hobbs Taylor earns her doctorate in dentistry from the Ohio College of Dental Surgery, becoming the 1st US female dentist.
1903: Anaïs Nin, French-Cuban author famed for her journals, erotic literature, & short stories, born. http://ht.ly/40hpG
1927: Erma Bombeck, US humorist known for her newspaper column that described suburban home life, born.
1933: Nina Simone, US singer, pianist, composer, & civil rights activist, born. The divine Nina: http://ht.ly/40hEO
1936: Barbara Jordan, politician, feminist & civil rights leader, 1st Southern Black woman elected to Congress, born.